This week, your baby is as big as a lemon.
As you start the second trimester and approach mid-pregnancy you should start to regain your strength as many of the draining pregnancy symptoms will start to dissipate.
As the baby's body continues to develop, the body begins to balance on both sides, and the head has developed to half the size of the baby's complete size.
It is time for a routine ultrasound examination again! Regular prenatal check-ups help ensure the health of mother and baby.
At week 13 of fetal development, the baby's stomach is rapidly developing and beginning to produce gastric juice, and the muscles of the stomach wall are beginning to practice contraction and prepare for digesting food. Additionally, the kidneys are also working silently, producing and excreting urine into the amniotic fluid. If it is a boy, the baby's testicles will start producing testosterone.
The baby's vocal cords have officially begun to develop.
Bone marrow has begun to produce white blood cells, which will protect the baby from pathogens after birth.
Mum officially enters the second trimester of pregnancy, the symptoms of discomfort begin to decrease, but there are still things to look out for. Learn more about second trimester symptoms, baby development at week 13, and advice from your obstetrician.
Now that the body has adapted to the state of pregnancy, you might feel more comfortable doing exercise. Speak to a women’s health physiotherapist for advice on the types of exercise you can do.
The muscles of the gut also relax during pregnancy due to hormonal changes, which means they are less effective at moving waste out. To prevent constipation, it is recommended to eat more high-fibre foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
You may suddenly want to eat things that you usually don't like.
Dizziness can still occur during pregnancy, so try to move your body slowly and make sure to sit or lie down immediately if you feel light-headed.
In addition to the first prenatal visit, pregnant women should not be lax in terms of their daily diet and nutritional supplements. As the baby's nervous system and spinal cord are developing, folic acid should be used. Folic acid is found naturally in whole grains, green leafy vegetables, beans, bananas, broccoli and milk, as well as in supplements.
If you have any questions about taking nutritional supplements, you should consult a nutritionist or obstetrician to formulate the most suitable pregnancy meal list. It is also recommended by doctors that pregnant women should take a prenatal vitamin every day.