This week, your baby is as big as a lettuce.
Welcome to the last week of your second trimester as you enter the final stages of your pregnancy! Your baby is growing rapidly, and you may have noticed that your belly has grown significantly. Your baby's skin is no longer transparent, but rather red. The body is covered with vernix to protect the skin, which appears wrinkled.
Eight out of every ten pregnant women have varying degrees of oedema, which becomes more serious in the later stages of pregnancy. You can try sleeping with your feet raised or on your left side.
It is easy to get tired during pregnancy; take a nap during the day if you can and get a good rest at night!
Do you feel tiny, rhythmic movements in your stomach? It's probably your baby hiccupping. Hiccups usually only last for a moment and are completely normal, so relax and enjoy this strange feeling.
Your baby can now blink! Their eyes are also able to respond to light
Baby has regular sleep and wake cycles. Just like you, your baby will engage in rapid eye movement (REM) during sleep. When a baby dreams, their eyes move back and forth under closed lids. During sleep, except for the occasional twitch, they are stationary; upon waking they move again.
Gaining too much or too little weight during pregnancy increases the risk of complications, and gaining about 11 to 16 kilograms (25 to 35 pounds) throughout pregnancy is normal. How much weight to gain depends on your pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI); consult with your obstetrician or midwife, who will refer you to a dietitian if needed.
Many pregnant women experience leaking problems later in their pregnancy due to hormonal changes causing the pelvic floor muscles to relax, providing less support for the bladder. Women over 35, who have given birth vaginally, or who are overweight, are more likely to experience incontinence during pregnancy. Furthermore, a family history of incontinence and certain chronic medical conditions may increase the incidence of urine leakage during pregnancy.
There may be pain and throbbing in the buttocks and groin, which can be alleviated by wearing a pregnancy support belt.
Oedema during pregnancy is normal and will not have a negative impact on the health of pregnant women and babies. Physiological oedema will heal without medication after delivery, so pregnant women do not need to worry too much.
Pregnant women should receive a dose of whooping cough vaccine during each pregnancy. The antibodies produced can be passed to the fetus before delivery, so that the baby is protected from whooping cough in the first few months after birth. Whooping cough can cause pneumonia or cerebral palsy in babies. Pregnant women can be vaccinated against whooping cough in the second trimester or later (before 35 weeks), so that the pregnant woman has enough time to produce antibodies that will protect the newborn baby.