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Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

Plantar fasciitis causes, symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods

Experiencing heel pain can be a debilitating condition, affecting your daily routine and overall quality of life. One of the most common causes of this discomfort is a condition known as plantar fasciitis. This blog post aims to provide an in-depth understanding of plantar fasciitis, its causes, symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods to help you manage and overcome heel pain effectively.  

What is plantar fasciitis?     

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the band of tissue (the plantar fascia) that extends from the heel to the toes. This tissue is crucial in supporting the foot arch and absorbing shocks during movement. When the plantar fascia is excessively stretched or overused, it can become irritated and inflamed, resulting in heel pain. 


Causes and risk factors of plantar fasciitis  

Plantar fasciitis is often associated with repetitive activities that strain the plantar fascia, such as long-distance running, ballet dancing, or occupations that require standing for extended periods. Other risk factors include age (it's more common in people between 40 and 60), obesity, foot mechanics (flat feet, high arches, or an abnormal walking pattern), and inadequate footwear. 


Symptoms of plantar fasciitis  

Plantar fasciitis typically presents as a sharp, stabbing pain at the bottom of the foot near the heel. This discomfort is usually the worst with the first few steps after awakening, although it can also be triggered by long periods of standing or when standing up after sitting. The pain might decrease after a few minutes of walking as the foot warms up, only to return after prolonged standing or walking. 

Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis

If you're experiencing persistent heel pain, it's essential to consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis. Diagnosing plantar fasciitis involves a thorough physical examination of the foot and patient history. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs may be required to rule out other conditions that can cause heel pain, such as stress fractures or nerve issues. 

Treatment options for plantar fasciitis 

Several treatment options can help manage the discomfort and aid in recovery. Initial treatments typically include rest, ice application, and over-the-counter pain relievers to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.  

Physiotherapy exercises can help stretch the plantar fascia and calf muscles and strengthening the intrinsic foot muscles and the lower leg muscles, thus stabilising your ankle and heel. In some cases, wearing shoes with good arch support and a cushioned sole, or using orthotics, can provide relief. For persistent cases, further treatments such as steroid injections, shock wave therapy, or even surgery may be considered. 


Prevention of plantar fasciitis   

Prevention is always better than cure, and this holds true for plantar fasciitis too. Here are some preventive measures to consider: 

  • Regularly perform exercises that stretch the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. 
  • Maintain a healthy weight to minimise the stress on your plantar fascia. 
  • Wear shoes with proper support that fit well. 
  • Avoid high heels and shoes with thin soles. 
  • Don't wear worn-out athletic shoes. 
  • Change your sport, opting for a low-impact sport like swimming or cycling, instead of walking or jogging. 


Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain, but it's manageable with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. By understanding the condition, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options, you can take proactive steps towards managing and overcoming this form of heel pain. 

If you're experiencing persistent heel pain, don't ignore it. Contact the doctor for professional advice and assistance to help you regain your foot health and return to regular activities free of pain. 

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Information provided by:

Wendy Shum headshot

Wendy Shum

OT&P Healthcare

Please note that all medical articles featured on our website have been reviewed by qualified healthcare doctors. The articles are for general information only and are not medical opinions nor should the contents be used to replace the need for a personal consultation with a qualified medical professional on the reader's medical condition.