Currently, there is no effective antiviral therapy for Japanese encephalitis.
Treatment consists of supportive care and management for complications that arise. Management methods with intravenous fluids and antipyretics, anticonvulsants for seizure control may also be used.
As there is no effective treatment for Japanese encephalitis, prevention is crucial by avoiding mosquito bites entirely.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends getting the Japanese encephalitis vaccine for those that plan to stay in endemic areas during transmission season or spend one month or more in an affected area.
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