Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD, 反社會人格) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) of the American Psychiatric Association (2013) as “a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others.” It is characterised by irresponsibility, exploitation of others for self-interest without remorse, and authority defiance. Patients typically begin to exhibit antisocial behavior in adolescence, including breaking the law, infringing upon others’ rights, acting impulsively and recklessly, and making repeated mistakes without repentance. These behaviors, if it persists to adulthood, will eventually constitute antisocial personality disorder.
The cause of antisocial personality is still uncertain, but it is estimated to be predisposed by genetic and environmental factors such as:
Adults with antisocial personality disorder typically exhibit conduct disorder symptoms by age 15, including severe, persistent behaviors such as:
A psychologist discusses with patients including anger and violence management, alcohol or drug abuse treatment and other mental health conditions.
There are no drugs specifically approved to treat antisocial personality disorder; doctors may prescribe medications for conditions related to antisocial personality disorder, such as anxiety, depression, or aggression.
There is no sure way to prevent the development of an antisocial personality, but characteristics of antisocial behavior generally begins in childhood. Therefore, if parents, teachers and pediatricians can detect it early, they can intervene and improve the symptoms. The following self-care techniques can also reduce symptoms:
Antisocial personality is a complex and difficult-to-treat disorder, but it is not impossible to manage. Treating antisocial personality disorder takes time and patience. Symptoms can be effectively improved through professional mental health services and the help of patients' relatives and friends. If you or someone you know, - has a child who may be exhibiting early signs of antisocial personality disorder, please seek help from a psychiatrist to find the best treatment options for the patient.
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