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Understanding De Quervain tenosynovitis: Physiotherapist Tips on Prevention

De Quervain tenosynovitis (Mommy’s wrist) is a common urban disease that is part of what is known collectively as repetitive strain injury (RSI) . Most common clinical patients are people who need to perform repetitive manual work, such as people playing video games for a long time, prolonged handhold of mobile phones, housewives and chefs.  

How do you diagnose and adjust Mommy's wrist? Check your hands  with simple self-examination and try relieving the mommy’s wrist with physiotherapist tips. 

What is the cause of de Quervain tenosynovitis 

De Quervain tenosynovitis is a painful condition caused by repetitive tendon strain in the hand. The cavity around the tendon on the thumb side swells, compressing the tendons and synovium of the extensor brevis and abductor longus muscles, narrowing the channel, inflaming and swelling the tendons and synovial membrane, causing pain on the thumb side of the wrist. In severe cases, tendons may become sticky, and the movement of the thumb and wrist may be restricted. Because many of the patients are postpartum women who need to hold their babies for a long time, or housewives who often do housework, it is also commonly known as "mommy's wrist". 


Who are prone to have de Quervain tenosynovitis 

  • Women between 30 and 50 years old, mostly housewives 
  • Individuals immersed for long periods using computer mouse and devices with similar grip like mobile phones and mobile gaming gadgets 
  • Mothers or care-givers who need to hold the newborn baby's head for a long time  
  • Bank and accounting staff 

 

De Quervain tenosynovitis symptoms 

  • Inability to exert force or persistent pain in the wrist near the thumb;  the pain may extend from the wrist to the forearm and up to the elbow joint 
  • Pain, redness, swelling and warmth (cardinal signs of inflammation) in the base of the thumb and/or adjacent wrist area 
  • The pain worsens when you twist a towel, write, pick up something, etc., and perform actions that require force or rotation of the wrist 

 

Mobile device use and de Quervains tenosynovitis 

The widespread (mis) use of handheld mobile devices and smartphones have led to increased cases of De Quervain. Other common conditions that may be related are: 

  • Carpometacarpal joint inflammation 

The carpometacarpal joint is located on the outside of the thumb and is important for thumb movement. Many people hold mobile phones with one hand and slide their thumb up, down, left and right. The carpometacarpal joint exerts force repeatedly, which may cause inflammation of the carpometacarpal joint. 

 

Trigger finger is also known as “game-boy thumbs”. When the thumb is repeatedly clicked up and down too long or with excessive force, it may cause coating. The trochlear tissue of the tendon becomes thickened, nodular, swollen and painful. 

   

A few people will use their wrists to support the phone, resulting in tennis elbow. Holding the phone with one hand for a long time may cause muscle pain near the elbow on one side. 

 

How to diagnose e Quervain tenosynovitis? 

To diagnose Mommy's wrist, in addition to seeing a specialist for examination, a physiotherapist teaches you how to self-examine “mommy's wrist the “Finkelstein’s Test”: 

Picture1

  1. Straighten your arms and open your palms
  2. Bend the thumb inward, wrap the thumb with the other 4 fingers, and make a fist.
  3. Press your fist in the direction of your tail finger

If there is pain at the base of your thumb, it may mean you are suffering from "Mommy's wrist". This is called a “positive Finkelstein’s Test”. 

 

 

PRICE steps to soothe mommy's wrist with acute attacks 

Mommy's wrist can be divided into an acute attack period and a chronic pain period. During the acute  attack period, the hand must be given proper rest to reduce further damage. It is recommended to adopt the PRICE principle: 

  • P (Protect): Use special wrist guards to protect 
  • R (Rest): Immediately stop what you are doing, give your hands a moderate rest, and avoid repeated use of your thumbs. 
  • I (Ice): Within 48 hours after injury, apply local ice to the affected area to reduce swelling and pain, 3 to 5 times a day, 20 to 30 minutes each time; after 48 hours in the acute phase, local heat can be applied 
  • C (Compression): You can use an elastic bandage to wrap around the injured area. Slight compression of the injured area will help relieve the swelling and promote recovery. 
  • E (Elevation): Raise the wrist and perform wrist rotation without causing pain. 

  

Without due intervention, the symptoms of the acute attack may persist for weeks to months and become a chronic condition  that may include more restricted wrist and thumb movement and even numbness. Generally, initially your family doctor may prescribe pain relievers and anti-inflammatory and refer you to physiotherapy services. A physiotherapist will provide personalized treatment based on the patient's condition, such as manual therapy, electrotherapy, stretching, and strengthening exercise therapy.  

 

2 simple movements to stretch tendons 

Picture2

1. Use the muscle band to wrap the thumb, straighten the thumb upward, hold for 5-10 seconds each time, repeat 20 to 30 times 

Picture3

  1. Use the muscle band to wrap the thumb, straighten the thumb downward, hold for 5-10 seconds each time, repeat 20 to 30 times


How to prevent mommy’s wrist? 

  • When holding a baby, use the strength of your arms, shoulders and core muscles to assist. Avoid using only your fingers to exert force, which will bear too much weight on your fingers and wrists 
  • Be careful not to use your thumb excessively or for too long when breastfeeding 
  • Avoid using your thumb repeatedly for long periods when doing housework 
  • Try to use a trolley to carry heavy items 
  • When using the floor mop, bend your body slightly and avoid using only your arms to drive the floor mop 
  • Do not lift heavy objects or carry children for long periods 
  • Perform muscle strength training on the thumb tendon. Put a rubber band on your fingers to make opening and closing movements, and use the rubber band's elasticity to train the tendon's strength 
  • Knead the base of your thumb or wrist to relieve tight tendons 

If you are suffering from mommy's wrist or other tendon strain problems, consult your doctor as soon as possible and be referred to a physiotherapist according to your needs to help you comprehensively improve your pain.    

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References

  1. Mayo Clinic. De Quervain tenosynovitis. 23 Nov 2023 Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/de-quervain-tenosynovitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20371332  
  2. Cleveland Clinic. De Quervain tenosynovitis. 23 Nov 2023 Retrieved from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10915-de-quervains-tendinosis  
  3. Gleneagles Hospital. De Quervain's Tenosynovitis. 23 Nov 2023 Retrieved from https://www.gleneagles.com.sg/conditions-diseases/de-quervains-tenosynovitis/symptoms-causes  
  4. O’ Neil, Barbara A., et. al., “Chronic occupational repetitive strain injury.” Canadian Family Physician, 2001 Feb; 47:311-316, Retrieved on 23 January 2024, from, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2016244/   
  5. Xinyu Nie, et.al. “Smartphone usage behaviors and their association with De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis (DQT) among college students: a cross-sectional study in Guangxi, China”. 2023 November 16. BMC Public Health, 2023; 23:2257. Retrieved on 23 January 2024, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10652590/   
 

Topics: Fitness & Active Health

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