There are different types of psychotherapy that can be used to treat PTSD. The most commonly used therapy technique is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), in particular exposure-based therapy. This involves helping the patients confront their feared memories and situations in a safe, therapeutic manner.
A controlled re-experience allows the traumatic event to be re-processed emotionally, so that it becomes less painful. The exposure may be done in real life, or via imaginal exposure, and will help to extinguish the conditioned fear. The therapist will also impart various coping skills. A special form of therapy for PTSD is called Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR), which involves treating the fear and arousal associated with the traumatic event through guided eye movements with the therapist. This is proven to be effective in reducing PTSD symptoms.¹³
[¹³]Bisson, J. and Andrew, M., 2007. Psychological treatment of post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane database of systematic reviews, (3).
Please note that all medical articles featured on our website have been reviewed by qualified healthcare doctors. The articles are for general information only and are not medical opinions nor should the contents be used to replace the need for a personal consultation with a qualified medical professional on the reader's medical condition.