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What Is The Difference Between Bipolar Affective Disorder And Depression?

The symptoms of bipolar affective disorder.

The main difference between the two is that depression is unipolar, meaning that there is no “up” period, but bipolar disorder includes symptoms of mania. Patients with bipolar affective disorder suffer from both depressive swings and manic phases. They experience elated moods, increased energy levels, overspending, increased libido, racing thoughts, and grandiosity. 

According to the World Health Organisation [WHO], those who have suffered from more than one manic episode, or one manic plus one depressive episode, will be diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder. Patients suffering from unipolar depression do not typically experience manic swings.

Information provided by:

Dr Keith Hariman headshot

Dr Keith Hariman

Specialist in Psychiatry, OT&P Healthcare

Please note that all medical articles featured on our website have been reviewed by qualified healthcare doctors. The articles are for general information only and are not medical opinions nor should the contents be used to replace the need for a personal consultation with a qualified medical professional on the reader's medical condition.

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