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What is Anthropophobia (fear of people)?

A social phobia characterised by intense fear and anxiety triggered by the thought of interacting with others or being in social situations.

Anthropophobia, often called the fear of people, is a specific type of social phobia characterised by intense fear and anxiety triggered by the thought of interacting with others or being in social situations. This phobia can manifest in various symptoms, including excessive sweating, trembling, rapid heartbeat, and feelings of dread or panic when confronted with social interactions.  

Individuals with anthropophobia may avoid gatherings, public places, or even one-on-one interactions, which can significantly impact their personal and professional life. It's important to note that anthropophobia extends beyond general shyness or introversion. It is a clinically recognised condition that can lead to considerable distress and impairment in a person's everyday functioning. 

Difference between anthropophobia and social phobia 

Social Phobia, also known as Social Anxiety Disorder, is a general term for the fear of social situations. It is characterised by an intense fear or anxiety of being judged, negatively evaluated, or rejected in a social or performance problem. Such conditions can include public speaking, public eating, or group interaction. 

Anthropophobia, on the other hand, is more specific. It refers to the fear of people, regardless of the situation. Individuals with anthropophobia can experience extreme anxiety even while interacting with a familiar person in a non-threatening situation. It's not just about fear of judgment or embarrassment, but a more generalised fear of others. 

Casuse of anthropophobia 

The cause of anthropophobia can vary between individuals, but it often emerges from: 

  • A complex interplay of genetic factors 
  • Personal history 
  • Environmental influences 

Symptoms of anthropophobia 

The symptoms of anthropophobia can vary between individuals, but they typically include both physical and psychological manifestations: 

Physical Symptoms: 

  • Rapid heart rate 
  • Sweating 
  • Trembling or shaking 
  • Dry mouth 
  • Nausea or upset stomach 
  • Difficulty breathing 

Psychological Symptoms: 

  • Intense fear or anxiety when around people or anticipating interaction 
  • Fear of embarrassment or humiliation 
  • Feeling dizzy or faint in the presence of others 
  • Desire to flee or avoid situations involving people 


The treatment for anthropophobia can be cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, and medication. Mental health professionals can provide appropriate treatment strategies tailored to the individual's needs, facilitating improved social confidence and quality of life. If you are struggling with anthropophobia, don't be afraid to contact your doctor or psychologist. 

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Please note that all medical articles featured on our website have been reviewed by qualified healthcare doctors. The articles are for general information only and are not medical opinions nor should the contents be used to replace the need for a personal consultation with a qualified medical professional on the reader's medical condition.

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