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Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

Hepatitis C(丙型肝炎) is a viral infection that primarily affects the liver. It is a significant global health concern, affecting millions worldwide. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and prevention methods of hepatitis C is crucial for promoting awareness and taking proactive measures to protect yourself. In this blog post, we will delve into the specifics of hepatitis C, providing valuable information from its causes to its prevention methods. 

Causes of Hepatitis C  

Hepatitis C is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The primary mode of transmission is through contact with infected blood. Common causes include sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia, receiving a blood transfusion before 1992, undergoing organ transplantation from an infected donor, or being born to a mother infected with HCV. In rare cases, it can also be transmitted through sexual contact or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth.


Symptoms of Hepatitis C   

Hepatitis C infection often progresses silently, with many people experiencing no noticeable symptoms in the early stages. However, as the infection progresses, symptoms may include fatigue, fever, dark urine, pale stools, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, joint pain, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). It is important to note that symptoms can vary from person to person, and some individuals may remain asymptomatic for years. 


Prevention Methods for Hepatitis C   

Preventing hepatitis C involves adopting certain precautions to reduce the risk of exposure. Here are some preventive measures: 

  • Avoid sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia. 
  • Practice safe sex by using barrier methods, such as condoms, and limiting the number of sexual partners. 
  • Ensure proper sterilisation of medical and tattoo equipment. 
  • Use caution when getting tattoos or body piercings and choose reputable establishments that follow strict sterilisation protocols. 
  • Be cautious when handling blood or other potentially infectious materials. 
  • If you plan to get a piercing, acupuncture, or a tattoo, ensure sterile equipment is used. 
  • Ensure proper screening, vaccination and testing of blood products in medical settings. 

Hepatitis C is a severe viral infection that affects millions of people worldwide. Protect yourself and reduce the risk of transmission. Remember, practicing safe behaviors such as avoiding needle sharing, practicing safe sex, and ensuring proper sterilisation can significantly reduce the chances of contracting hepatitis C. Our doctors at OT&P Healthcare can provide support and resources for your health. 

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  1. Mayo Clinic. Hepatitis C. 4 September 2023 Retrieved from  
  2. World Health Organization. Hepatitis C. 4 September 2023 Retrieved from  
  3. Viral Hepatitis Control Office. Hepatitis C. 4 September 2023 Retrieved from  
  4. Health Direct. Hepatitis C. 4 September 2023 Retrieved from  

Please note that all medical articles featured on our website have been reviewed by qualified healthcare doctors. The articles are for general information only and are not medical opinions nor should the contents be used to replace the need for a personal consultation with a qualified medical professional on the reader's medical condition.