Abdominal distension refers to the swelling or enlargement of the abdomen, often caused by the accumulation of gas, fluid, or solid masses. It can be uncomfortable or painful and may indicate an underlying medical condition.
Several factors can lead to abdominal distension, including:
Gas: Trapped gas due to swallowing air, consuming carbonated beverages, eating gas producing foods, food intolerances, excessive gas production from bacteria overgrowth
Constipation: Infrequent or difficult bowel movements can cause bloating and discomfort.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A common disorder affecting the large intestine, causing symptoms like abdominal pain, bloating gas and fluctuating stools.
Gastrointestinal obstruction: A blockage in the digestive tract, preventing the normal passage of food and waste materials.
Ascites: Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity due to liver disease, heart failure, or cancer.
Ovarian cysts: Fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries, causing abdominal swelling and pain.
Common symptoms of abdominal distension include:
Treatment depends on the underlying cause and may include:
Lifestyle changes: Dietary modifications, regular physical activity, and stress management can help manage gas and constipation.
Medications: Agents for gas relief, constipation, IBS can be prescribed for symptom relief.
Surgery: In certain cases, such as gastrointestinal obstruction or large ovarian cysts, surgical intervention may be necessary.
It is essential to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.
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